Edward Carpenter





Friends and Influences

Friends and Influences
Here are some websites related to friends, influences and movements that were important in Carpenter's life and ideas.
walt whitman
Walt Whitman

Major influence on Carpenter’s thinking on everything from Democracy, politics and poetics to class, sexuality and gay liberation. Along with the Bhagavad-Gita, Whitman’s Leaves of Grass was a pivotal work in the development of Carpenter's world view and the direction his life took. Carpenter visited Whitman twice in the USA. During the first visit in 1877 they developed an affectional and sexual relationship. Carpenter worked tirelessly to promote Whitman and his books in England.

Walt Whitman Archive

Walt Whitman Quarterly Review

f. d. maurice

F.D. Maurice

Founder of Christian Socialism and incumbent of Saint Edwards church, Cambridge while Carpenter was a curate there in the early 1870s. An important influence on Carpenter.

william morris.jpg
William Morris
Carpenter met Morris through the Democratic Federation (later Social Democratic Federation) in the 1880s and eventually joined with him in the breakaway Socialist League. Morris visited Carpenter at Millthorpe.



r. w. emerson.jpg
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Founding philosopher & poet of the American Transcendentalist movement. Carpenter visited Emerson during his trip to America in 1877.

henry davis thoreau
Henry David Thoreau

Thoreau's book "Walden Pond" exerted a profound and disturbing influence on Carpenter.

The Thoreau Society

kate salt henry salt

Henry and Kate Salt

Influenced by Carpenter’s ideas, especially concerning “simplification”. Henry and his wife Kate Salt were close friends with Carpenter. Henry founded the Humanitarian League and was an early animal rights activist. He fought against “blood-sport” vivisection and advocated non-violent civil disobedience.

Arts and Crafts Movement

19th Century Studies